Tallinn is the capital city and main seaport of Estonia. It is located in the north-eastern part of the Baltic Sea region, 80 kilometres south of Helsinki, the capital of Finland.
Medieval Tallinn enjoyed a strategic location at the crossroads of trade between Western and Northern Europe and Russia. In 1285 the city became a member of the Hanseatic League as one of the most important Hanseatic trading towns. Due to its geographically strategic location, tallinn has always been an attractive target for its neighbouring countries. Tallinn was capitulated to Imperial Russia in 1710, but the local Baltic German rulers retained their cultural and economic autonomy within the Tsarist Russia. The 19th century brought industrialization into the city and the port kept its importance.
On 24 February 1918, Estonia declared its independence from Russia. In February of 1920 a peace treaty was signed with Russia, wherein Russia acknowledged the independence of the Estonian Republic. Tallinn became the capital of the independent Estonia. After World War II, Estonia was occupied by the Soviet Russia and Tallinn became the capital of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic.
In August 1991, an independent democratic Estonian state was re-established. Tallinn became the capital of an independent country once again. The picturesque old town, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the current novelty of the destination attract many tourists and facilities (hotels, cafes, bars, museums, restaurants) have developed to meet their needs. English is widely spoken within the tourist areas. Tallinn's population is about 400 000.
Main local and cultural events in Tallinn
Tallinn offers a wide variety of entertainment with something for everybody. Its theatres and cinemas, concerts, festivals, exhibitions, museums and nightclubs are open year round to the visitors. National Opera’s season lasts from August to June. During summer, lots of different open-air performances and concerts are held where classics share the stage with pop and rock culture.
More information about different events:
Concerts: CONCERT.EE; PILETILEVI
Other cultural events
Events in Tallinn
Public transport in the city
Central Tallinn is very compact and easy to get around, and reaching farther out destinations is simple thanks to the city's network of buses, trolleys and trams.
The public transport network operates from 6:00 to 23:00 (some lines until 24:00). The ticket system works on a random-inspection basis, so you can board via any door and don't have to show anything to the driver. You must, however, have a validated ticket or you risk a €40 fine.
We suggest student to purchase a 30-day Smartcard which costs €30+ deposit €2 to enjoy an unlimited ride in Tallinn. The green, plastic Smartcard (Ühiskaart) is a farecard that lets you use the electronic ticket system. Buy it at any R-Kiosk, post office or the Tallinn City Government customer service desk for a €2 deposit and then load it with enough credit.